John Anthony Carpenter (1924-2001)

John Anthony Carpenter began working with theCenter of Alcohol Studies at Yale University in 1954 and moved to its new location at Rutgers University in 1962. During his career, Carpenter was one of the first to focus on the effect of alcohol on aggression, conduction, and visual reaction time. Furthermore, Carpenter was the director of the Center of Alcohol Studies from 1975 until 1981, and editor of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol from 1992 to 1994.

 

 

Biography

Born in Nice, France, John Anthony (Tony) Carpenter was very well known as an innovative in the field of alcohol studies. In 1945, he joined in the Air Force and was a veteran of General Claire Chenault’s 14th Air Force. He received both B.A. and M.A. degrees in experimental psychology at John Hopkins University. In 1954, Carpenter received his Ph.D at Brown University. He finished his postdoctoral fellowship at Yale University.

Carpenter began studying in the alcohol and substance field at Yale University in 1954. However, in 1964, he moved with the center to its new location at Rutgers University in New Jersey.  During the beginning of his career, Carpenter built his reputation as a young innovative researcher. He was amongst the first to focus on topics such as the effects on alcohol on aggression, conduction, and visual reaction time.

He authored several scholarly publications and contributed diligently to the Journal of Studies on Alcohol.  Furthermore, Carpenter served as the director of the Center of Alcohol Studies from 1975 until 1981. In 1996, Carpenter was named Professor emeritus, but he remained highly i

Highlights

Dr. Carpenter began his career in 1954.  During the beginning of his career, he was known as a young researcher who focused on substance abuse problems related to alcohol and aggression. Dr. Carpenter wrote and co-authored several scholarly publications and was frequent editor for the Journal of Alcohol Studies. He was the Director of the Center of Alcohol Studies at Rutgers University for six years.

  • 1924: Born in Nice, France
  • 1945: Serves in General Claire Chenault’s 14th Air Force
  • 1950: Receives B.A. in Experimental Psychology at John Hopkins University
  • 1951: Receives M.A. in Experimental Psychology at John Hopkins University
  • 1954: Receives Ph.D. in Psychology from Brown University; joins the Center of Alcohol Studies at Yale
  • 1962: Relocates with center to Rutgers University
  • 1975: Named director of the Center for Alcohol Studies
  • 1981: Steps down as director
  • 1996: Named professor emeritus at Rutgers University
  • 2001: Dies February 27, 2001 in Baltimore, Maryland

Publications

Selected publications

Ashford, J. R., & Carpenter, J. A. (1975). V. summary and conclusions. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, Suppl., 7, 177-187.

Bennett, R. M., Buss, A. H., & Carpenter, J. A. (1969). Alcohol and human physical aggression. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 30(4-A), 870-876.

Brick, J., & Carpenter, J. A. (2001). The identification of alcohol intoxication by police. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 25(6), 850-855. doi:10.1111/j.1530-0277.2001.tb02290.x

Carpenter, J. A. (1957). Effects of alcoholic beverages on skin conductance: An exploratory study. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 18, 1-18.

Carpenter, J. A. (1959). The effect of caffeine and alcohol on simple visual reaction time. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 52(4), 491-496.

Carpenter, J. A. (1962). Effects of alcohol on some psychological processes. A critical review with special reference to automobile driving skill. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 23, 274-314.

Carpenter, J. A. (1968). Contributions from psychology to the study of drinking and driving. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, Suppl., 4, 234-251.

Carpenter, J. A. (1979). Introductory remarks. Research Priorities on Alcohol, Rutgers Center of Alcohol Studies and Rutgers University. 1.

Carpenter, J. A. (1996). Between acceptance and publication: A sampling of some common problems. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 57(4), 341-343.

Carpenter, J. A. (2001). CORRESPONDENCE. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 62(3), 405-408.

Carpenter, J. A. (2001). Deliberations of the task force on statistical inference. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 62(3), 405-408.

Carpenter, J. A., & Erickson, C. K. (1990). Science and research in alcohol and alcoholism. New Brunswick, NJ: Center of Alcohol Studies, Rutgers University.

Carpenter, J. A., Marshman, J. A., & Gibbins, J. (1975). I. theoretical considerations and literature review. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, Suppl., 7, 1-53.

Carpenter, J. A., Marshman, J. A., & Gibbins, J. (1975). II. five experiments. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, Suppl., 7, 55-137.

Carpenter, J. A., Moore, O. K., Snyder, C. R., & Lisansky, E. S. (1961). Alcohol and higher-order problem solving. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 22(2), 183-222.

Carpenter, J. A., & Ross, B. M. (1965). Effect of alcohol on short-term memory. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 26(4), 561-579.

Carpenter, J. A. (1975). Drug interactions: The effects of alcohol and meprobamate applied singly and jointly in human subjects. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, Suppl 7 No, 193.

Freed, E. X., Carpenter, J. A., & Hymowitz, N. (1970). Acquisition and extincition of schedule-induced polydipsic consumption of alcohol and water. Psychological Reports, 26(3), 915-922.

Freed, E. X., Carpenter, J. A., & Riley, E. (1976). Illustration of a control problem in alcohol research designs. Behavioral Neuropsychiatry, 7(1-12), 67-70.

Friedman, H. J., Carpenter, J. A., Lester, D., & Randal, C. L. (1950). Effect of alpha-methyl-P-tyrosine on dose-dependent mouse strain differences in locomotor activity after ethanol. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 41(1), 1-7.

Greenberg, L. A., & Carpenter, J. A. (1957). The effect of alcoholic beverages on skin conductance and emotional tension. I. wine, whisky and alcohol. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 18, 190-204.

Lipscomb, T. R., Carpenter, J. A., & Nathan, P. E. (1979). Static ataxia: A predictor of alcoholism?*. British Journal of Addiction to Alcohol & Other Drugs, 74(3), 289-294. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.1979.tb01350.x

McDonnell, G. J., & Carpenter, J. A. (1959). Anxiety, skin conductance and alcohol: A study of the relation between anxiety and skin conductance and the effect of alcohol on the conductance of subjects in a group. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 20, 38-52.

Pohorecky, L. A., Brick, J., & Carpenter, J. A. (1986). Assessment of the development of tolerance to ethanol using multiple measures. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 10(6), 616-622.

Pohorecky, L. A., Brick, J., & Carpenter, J. A. (1986). Assessment of the development of tolerance to ethanol using the tail flick response. Biological Psychiatry, 7, 1289-1291.

Pohorecky, L. A., Peterson, J. T., & Carpenter, J. A. (1985-1986). Development of tolerance to ethanol-induced tachycardia in rats. Alcohol and Drug Research, 6(6), 431-439.

Randal, C. L., Carpenter, J. A., Lester, D., & Friedman, H. J. (1975). Ethanol-induced mouse strain differences in locomotor activity. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 3(3), 533-535.

Sayette, M. A., Wilson, T. G., & Carpenter, J. A. (1989). Case histories and shorter communications: Cognitive moderators of alcohol's effects on anxiety. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 27(6), 685-690.

Schneider, E. W., & Carpenter, J. A. (1969). The influence of ethanol on auditory signal detection. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 30(2), 357-370.

Smith, G. M., & Carpenter, J. A. (1969). Alcohol absorption and field dependence. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 30(1), 15-20.